What is the MITRE ATT&CK Framework?
The MITRE Corporation released ATT&CK (Adversarial Tactics, Techniques and Common Knowledge) in 2013. There are a number of matrices, including: Enterprise, Mobile, PRE-ATT&CK. and ICS for industrial control systems. Each one of these contains a structured list of known attacker behaviours that have been compiled into tactics and techniques; the tactics are ‘what’ attackers are seeking to achieve and the techniques are the ‘how’ (including mitigation and remediation strategies).
The almost exhaustive list of adversarial exploits and techniques provides a knowledge base for security teams to defend themselves against the most complex and advanced persistent threats (APT) such as APT10.
MITRE ATT&CK Matrix Categories
MITRE ATT&CK Matrix – tactics
The latest MITRE ATT&CK Enterprise Matrix can be found on The MITRE Corporation’s website here: https://attack.mitre.org/matrices/enterprise/
MITRE ATT&CK Matrix Mitigation Strategies
There is a large number of strategies that have been developed to mitigate the known adversarial tactics and techniques of APT attacks. The latest published list contains 41 enterprise level mitigation strategies, an excerpt of which is here:
Excerpt from The MITRE Corporation’s list of enterprise mitigations
A full list of MITRE ATT&CK enterprise matrix mitigation strategies can be found on The MITRE Corporation’s website here: https://attack.mitre.org/mitigations/enterprise/
How to implement the MITRE ATT&CK Framework strategies
If you are embarking on the implementation of MITRE ATT&CK Framework mitigation strategies, you are most likely already functioning at the vanguard of defence grade cyber security, operating threat hunting and red team / penetration testing activities; the matrix requires the commitment of significant resources and skill to establish and maintain the strategies. There is even a tool, ATT&CK® Navigator, that has been designed to provide basic navigation and annotation of ATT&CK matrices. It is often used to visualise your defensive coverage, your red team / blue team planning and the frequency of detected techniques.
Get started with Huntsman Security technology
Huntsman Security’s enterprise level MITRE ATT&CK Matrix solution is designed to help advanced security teams streamline the implementation of the mitigation strategies. It also supports the ongoing measurement and maintenance of a robust security posture. To have a discussion about your requirements and how Huntsman Security’s solution can support you, please contact our experienced Enterprise engineering team:
Prerequisites to MITRE ATT&CK Framework implementation
Regardless of whether you are ready for one of the MITRE ATT&CK matrices or not, it’s worth checking to see if your operation has the fundamental security controls in place and operating effectively. If you have missing patches on systems, weak passwords on standard accounts, or users willing to click on links that point to malware – you are giving an attacker a choice of which point of failure to exploit. For organisations where cyber security is critical there is another dimension to consider – compromises in fundamental cyber hygiene are the entry point for more complex and advanced cyber-attacks.
Establish robust cyber hygiene
Focusing on cyber hygiene doesn’t mean ignoring the bigger issues. Rather, it is about making sure you have the most common access points covered and maintained.
Where to start
Determining what the cyber hygiene fundamentals are varies according to the source of the advice. The Australian Government recognised this challenge and devised a security framework, the ACSC Essential Eight, that distils the wide range of published security controls down to the most critical and universally recognised; they deliver the biggest ‘bang for your buck’ in terms of defending networks from cyber threats and provide an excellent cyber resilience baseline for all organisations.
ACSC Essential Eight security controls
Invest in cyber hygiene and get MITRE ATT&CK Matrix ready
The key benefit of implementing and maintaining critical security controls is that the effective management of each of them will successfully simplify the number of MITRE ATT&CK Matrix techniques that require bespoke risk mitigation efforts.
Discover your security posture and develop a cyber resilience baseline
If you would like to find out more about implementing the Essential Eight critical security controls and automating the measurement and reporting of their ongoing effectiveness, please download the Essential 8 Scorecard product brochure.
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For a more detailed conversation about how Huntsman Security supports implementation of the MITRE ATT&CK Matrix please contact the team via the button below.